Matthew 6.16-17 not be like the hypocrites; anoint, wash

Imperative: Matthew 6.16-17 not be like the hypocrites; anoint, wash
Context

Mat 6:16  “And when you fast, do not look dismal, like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by men. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

Mat 6:17  But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face,

Mat 6:18  that your fasting may not be seen by men but by your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you.

 

GREEK VERBS:   
V-PMA-2P = Verb – Tense: Present/Mood: Imperative/Voice: Active – Person: 2nd Person Plural
16
3522 [e]
nēsteuēte
νηστεύητε  ,
you fast
V-PSA-2P
3361 [e]

μὴ
not
Adv
1096 [e]
ginesthe
γίνεσθε
be
V-PMM/P-2P
5613 [e]
hōs
ὡς
like
Adv
3588 [e]
hoi
οἱ
the
Art-NMP
5273 [e]
hypokritai
ὑποκριταὶ  ,
hypocrites
N-NMP
V-AMA-2S = Verb – Tense: Aorist/Mood: Imperative/Voice: Active – Person: 2nd Person Singular
 
17
218 [e]
aleipsai
ἄλειψαί
anoint
V-AMM-2S
4771 [e]
sou
σου
your
PPro-G2S
3588 [e]
tēn
τὴν
 – 
Art-AFS
2776 [e]
kephalēn
κεφαλὴν  ,
head
N-AFS
2532 [e]
kai
καὶ
and
Conj
3588 [e]
to
τὸ
the
Art-ANS
4383 [e]
prosōpon
πρόσωπόν
face
N-ANS
4771 [e]
sou
σου
of you
PPro-G2S
3538 [e]
nipsai
νίψαι  ,
wash
V-AMM-2S
 
 
Context:
Mat 6:16  “And when you fast, do not look dismal, like the hypocrites,
Mat 6:17  But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face,
Command text.
S.O.W. QUESTIONS
S. What does it say?
*
O. What does it say that I need to obey?
*
W. Who needs to hear this? Generally? Specifically?
*
———-
DISCERNMENT QUESTIONS
What gets your attention?
What human needs or problems relate to the text?
*
What is it like to have that problem?
What other resources connect to this idea?
What is the solution suggested in the text, if there is one?
What would a camera see if the solution was implemented in my life, in my family’s life, or in my church or community?
What are the steps that I would take on Monday to implement that solution?
———-
CONTEXTUALIZING QUESTIONS 
What does this say to my context as a …
…. person?
… follower of Jesus? 
… to a church? 
… to a community – my neighbors?
———-

 

RESOURCES
What are the commands of Jesus Christ which we need to obey? In disciple-making, Jesus commanded the following in Matthew 28:20: “teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you…” What are the commands that we are to follow and teach others as identified by Jesus’ use of the imperative mood in the Greek?

This is an anchor post, the purpose of which is to begin a conversation. Please add value by sharing stories, personal experiences, quotes (with sources) and questions for discussion in the comments. (Some comments may be incorporated into the original post.)


Footnotes:
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All Scripture quotations are from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright © 1946, 1952, and 1971 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
A sermon was preached on this command:
07-08-18
“When you fast …”   Mat 6:16-18, Isaiah 58:1-14
Audio
Slides
Last post revision: 9/06/18.
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