Mat 05:43-48. v. 44 Love … pray … bless (3 imperatives)

Imperative: Mat 05:43-48. v. 44 Love … pray … bless (3 imperatives)

Context: 

Mat 05:43  “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’

Mat 5:44  But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
Mat 5:45  so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. 46  For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47  And if you salute only your brethren, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48  You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
 Advocated behaviors, therefore, a command
We are not called to be less but more than we are.
Shall be, must be perfect … not an imperative verb.

 

KJV is closer to the Greek text. Are there textual problems?

44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

 

GREEK VERBS:  No imperative verbs are present.
GREEK VERBS:  No imperative verbs are present other than “Behold.”
V-PMA-2P = Verb – Tense: Present/Mood: Imperative/Voice: Active – Person: 2nd Person Plural
44
3004 [e]
legō
λέγω
say
V-PIA-1S
4771 [e]
hymin
ὑμῖν  ,
to you
PPro-D2P
25 [e]
agapate
ἀγαπᾶτε
Love
V-PMA-2P
3588 [e]
tous
τοὺς
 – 
Art-AMP
2190 [e]
echthrous
ἐχθροὺς
enemies
Adj-AMP
4771 [e]
hymōn
ὑμῶν  ,
of you
PPro-G2P
2532 [e]
kai
καὶ
and
Conj
4336 [e]
proseuchesthe
προσεύχεσθε
pray
V-PMM/P-2P
5228 [e]
hyper
ὑπὲρ
for
Prep
3588 [e]
tōn
τῶν
those
Art-GMP
1377 [e]
diōkontōn
διωκόντων
persecuting
V-PPA-GMP
4771 [e]
hymas
ὑμᾶς  ;
you
PPro-A2P
2127 [e]
eulogeite
⧼εὐλογεῖτε
bless
V-PMA-2P
3588 [e]
tous
τοὺς
those
Art-AMP
V-AMA-2S = Verb – Tense: Aorist/Mood: Imperative/Voice: Active – Person: 2nd Person Singular
 
———————————————————-
Command:
 
S.O.W. QUESTIONS
S. What does it say?
O. What does it say that I need to obey?
W. Who needs to hear this? Generally? Specifically?
RESOURCES

What are the commands of Jesus Christ which we need to obey? In disciple-making, Jesus commanded the following in Matthew 28:20: “teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you…” What are the commands that we are to follow and teach others as identified by Jesus’ use of the imperative mood in the Greek?

This is an anchor post, the purpose of which is to begin a conversation. Please add value by sharing stories, personal experiences, quotes (with sources) and questions for discussion in the comments. (Some comments may be incorporated into the original post.)


Footnotes:
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[3]
[4]
[5]

All Scripture quotations are from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright © 1946, 1952, and 1971 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
A sermon was preached on this command:
04-15-18
Love, Pray, Bless! Matthew 5:43-48, John 20:19-23
Audio
Slides
Last post revision: 9/05/18.
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